Recognizing Our Community

Community-driven work is at the core of ICANN's mission. Our community spends countless hours in working groups within ICANN's Supporting Organizations, Advisory Committees, and other groups, including the Customer Standing Committee, the Empowered Community Administration, and the Nominating Committee. Collectively, these community groups develop, advise on, and refine policies and processes that ensure the security, stability, and resiliency of the global Internet. The ICANN organization is grateful for the tireless contributions and spirit of collaboration demonstrated by all these groups and we are proud to help facilitate this work.

Community recognition is a year-long effort at ICANN. Based on your feedback, we will shortly be announcing the opening of the nomination period for the 2020 Multistakeholder Ethos Award. Thank you for all the valuable feedback about how we can further enhance the ICANN community recognition program.

We have just had another successful ICANN Public Meeting where we acknowledged the vibrant role and critical impact of our community. On Wednesday, 6 November, we celebrated the contributions of 58 community leaders who concluded a term of service between ICANN63 and ICANN66 with a reception. Yesterday, the ICANN Board of Directors passed a formal resolution to recognize these community leaders:

Fiona Asonga Address Supporting Organization Address Council
Hartmut Glaser Address Supporting Organization Address Council
Henri Kasyfi Soemartono Address Supporting Organization Address Council
Mohamed El Bashir African Regional At-Large Organization
Fatimata Seye Sylla African Regional At-Large Organization
Sébastien Bachollet At-Large Advisory Committee
Hadia El Miniawi At-Large Advisory Committee
Ricardo Holmquist At-Large Advisory Committee
Kaili Kan At-Large Advisory Committee
John Laprise At-Large Advisory Committee
Bartlett Morgan At-Large Advisory Committee
Seun Ojedeji At-Large Advisory Committee
Debbie Monahan Country Code Names Supporting Organization
Abibu Ntahigiye Country Code Names Supporting Organization
Peter Vergote Country Code Names Supporting Organization
Jian Zhang Country Code Names Supporting Organization
Jeff Bedser Customer Standing Committee
Byron Holland Customer Standing Committee
Elaine Pruis Customer Standing Committee
Alan Barrett Empowered Community Administration
Axel Pawlik Empowered Community Administration
Heather Forrest Empowered Community Administration
Alan Greenberg Empowered Community Administration
Olawale Bakare European Regional At-Large Organization
Olivier Crépin-Leblond European Regional At-Large Organization
Ayden Férdeline Generic Names Supporting Organization
Carlos Raúl Guitérrez Generic Names Supporting Organization
Tony Harris Generic Names Supporting Organization
Rubens Kuhl Generic Names Supporting Organization
Paul McGrady Generic Names Supporting Organization
Syed Ismail Shah Generic Names Supporting Organization
Arsene Tungali Generic Names Supporting Organization
Ghislain de Salins Governmental Advisory Committee
Guo Feng Governmental Advisory Committee
Thiago Jardim Governmental Advisory Committee
Tony Holmes Internet Service Providers and Connectivity Providers Constituency
Kiran Malancharuvil Intellectual Property Constituency
John McElwaine Intellectual Property Constituency
Brian Winterfeldt Intellectual Property Constituency
Alejandro Acosta Nominating Committee
Nadira Alaraj Nominating Committee
Alain Bidron Nominating Committee
Jonathan Cohen Nominating Committee
Anriette Esterhuysen Nominating Committee
Robert Guerra Nominating Committee
Aziz Hilali Nominating Committee
Brajesh Jain Nominating Committee
Zahid Jamil Nominating Committee
Cheryl Miller Nominating Committee
Jon Nevett Nominating Committee
Pablo Rodriguez Nominating Committee
Leah Symekher Nominating Committee
Glenn McKnight North American Regional At-Large Organization
Brad Verd Root Server System Advisory Committee
Carlos Martinez-Cagnazzo Security and Stability Advisory Committee
Don Blumenthal Security and Stability Advisory Committee
Jay Daley Security and Stability Advisory Committee
Xiaodong Lee Security and Stability Advisory Committee

We thank all our community leaders past and present for their dedication to ICANN's mission and for their invaluable contributions.

A Blog About Leadership

As ICANN66 comes to an end, so does an era. Nearly a decade ago, the Nominating Committee appointed Cherine Chalaby to serve on the ICANN Board of Directors. Since that time, ICANN has changed tremendously, becoming a trusted partner in the Internet governance ecosystem and bringing new stakeholders into our global community. Throughout it all, Cherine has stood with all of us – the community, the Board, and the org – to demonstrate a quality that many understand, but only a few can demonstrate: leadership.

A leader is many things. A leader is someone who inspires us to come together and find creative solutions to unique challenges, listens to our needs, and understands our differences. They guide us, even when the path ahead is clouded and unclear. They show compassion and understanding even in the face of adversity. And above all, a leader has both a vision and the ability to motivate others to bring that vision to culmination. Cherine has done all of those things, and so much more.

We have all borne witness to Cherine’s passion and dedication. He understands the importance of seeing both the big picture and the impact that even the tiniest detail might have. When you speak with Cherine, you can rest assured that every word he speaks has been carefully considered. Few speak with the same level of conviction that he does.

Cherine’s vision has always been clear. He has worked tirelessly to evolve ICANN and its Board, to ensure that we have the tools necessary to serve the global Internet community in the best way possible. The Board stands ready to carry on his legacy of openness and transparency. As we work together to solve some of the most-pressing issues facing ICANN and the Domain Name System (DNS), we can all be inspired by his unwavering belief in the power of collaboration and the multistakeholder model.

The future ahead of us is bright, and we all have Cherine to thank for that. Throughout his time on the Board, he always stressed the need to look forward, so that ICANN is never caught unprepared. Today, we stand on solid ground, prepared for whatever lies ahead because of the  foundation we have forged under his watch and direction.

On behalf of the ICANN community, Board, and org, we extend our most sincere and heartfelt appreciation to Cherine for his leadership, his dedication, and his friendship. We thank his family for sharing Cherine with us over the past nine years, and we wish him great success in his future endeavors.

 Keyword Research Tool

¡Hola México! ICANN is Ready for ICANN67 in Cancún

As we close 2019 with ICANN66 in Montréal, Canada, we now focus on the new year for ICANN67 in Cancún, Mexico.  It has been 10 years now since we had an ICANN meeting in Mexico. We are glad that our vibrant community will have the opportunity to visit the Latin America and Caribbean (LAC) region again for the ICANN67 Community Forum.

I am from Mexico and so is our newly-appointed ICANN Board Vice Chair León Sánchez, so this meeting has a special meaning to us, and to all of our community in Mexico and the LAC region. We are ready to welcome you and make the most of your participation in the ICANN meeting.

During ICANN66, we said goodbye to some of our Board members and greeted our new ICANN Board Chair, Maarten Botterman and new Vice Chair, León Sánchez. We wish them well in their new endeavor.  They will play an important role in implementing ICANN’s new Strategic Plan 2021-2025 with very clear initiatives to help achieve our mission.

Mexico is home to over 80 million heavy Internet users, and the government is committed to increasing Internet penetration and achieving universal access for all its inhabitants. Cancún, Mexico, known for its beautiful beaches and Mayan culture and history, will host five days of intense debate and stakeholder engagement about ICANN’s most pressing matters. These key issues include DNS evolution, continued discussions around the Expedited Policy Development Process (PDP) on the Temporary Specification on gTLD Registration Data, the New Generic Top-Level Domain Subsequent Procedures PDP, and many others. We will also be featuring sessions with a regional focus such as our traditional LAC Space.

Join us at ICANN67 and participate in a forum full of engagement opportunities.

See you in Cancún.

Liquid Web WW

Canada’s Contribution to the Growth of the ICANN Community

Canada has been instrumental in the development of the ICANN community. It is home to one of the first country code top-level domains (ccTLDs) and was one of the first members of the Governmental Advisory Committee (GAC). As the home country of ICANN66, this is the perfect time to reflect on the history of Canada’s commitment to ICANN and the multistakeholder model.


The University of Southern California’s Information Sciences Institute approved a request for the initial delegation of the .ca ccTLD in May 1987. Jon Postel assigned the .ca domain to John Demco of the University of British Columbia (UBC). At that time, domain names were assigned and registered by a group of volunteers in the Department of Computer Science at UBC. The .ca top-level domain was administered by Demco and his team from 1987 to 1998.

In December 1998, the Canadian Internet Registration Authority (CIRA) was incorporated and became the official .ca registry in December 2000. Bernard Turcotte was the first President and CEO of CIRA and he remains involved with the ICANN community in the Country Code Names Supporting Organization (ccNSO). Today, Byron Holland is the President and CEO of CIRA and current Vice Chair of the ccNSO.


Canada was very involved in setting up the GAC and was one of the first governments to join during the inaugural meeting in Singapore in 1999. Len St. Aubin from the Department of Innovation, Science and Economic Development Canada served the first Vice-Chair of GAC, appointed in 2001. Bill Grahamrepresented Canada at the GAC in 2007 and later served as an ICANN Board member. Heather Drydenserved as GAC Chair and as the GAC’s liaison to the ICANN Board from 2010 to 2014. Luisa Paez is Canada’s current GAC representative and is serving as a Vice-Chair.

Currently there are ten Canadian At-Large Structures in the North American Regional At-Large Organization (NARALO). Alan Greenberg is an active NARALO member who has served in a number of key roles in ICANN, including as the At-Large Advisory Committee (ALAC) Chair and ALAC Liaison to the Generic Names Supporting Organization (GNSO). Greenberg was the Director of Computing and Telecommunications at Montréal’s McGill University from 1976 to 1999.

Stephanie Perrin is a current member of the GNSO Council and a member of the Experts Working Group. She is also an Advisory Board member for the Electronic Privacy Information Center (EPIC) and won the Electronic Frontier Foundation Pioneer Award in 2000 for international leadership in privacy and cryptography.


The ICANN community met in Montréal once before, for ICANN17 in June 2003. Two other ICANN meetings have been held in Canada: ICANN24 in Vancouver (November 2005) and ICANN45 in Toronto (October 2012). The 2018 GDD Summit was held just outside of Vancouver in Richmond, Canada.

Canada was also the site for an important milestone in the Internet’s development. In October 1998, Canada hosted the first international ministerial meeting of the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) on the digital economy. It was clear at the time that e-commerce had potential, but it was also clear that rules were needed to aid cooperation. At the Ottawa Conference, leaders from national governments, the heads of major international organizations, and industry leaders came together and helped form the basis for governance around e-commerce.

Robert Hall sat on the Canadian Government’s E-commerce and Domain Name Taskforce and presented a report on domain names at the Ottawa Conference meetings. Hall also participated in the International Forum on the White Paper, which led to the founding of ICANN in 1998. He served on ICANN’s Nominating Committee from 2008-2012.


Since launching the ICANN Fellowship and NextGen@ICANN programs to encourage the next generation of Internet citizens to build their community, three Fellows and three NextGenners have been from Canada. The robust participation by Canadians in ICANN has made a lasting contribution to building a stable, secure, and unified global Internet.


Ten Things You Didn’t Know About Montréal, Canada


Montréal, the second most populated city in Canada, has an old-world charm that embraces both history and modern culture. As the ICANN community gathers for the Annual General Meeting, read on to learn more about this culturally diverse city hosting our work this week.

1. It’s the birthplace of what’s generally thought to be the first commercial search engine. In 1989, three computer science students at Montréal’s McGill University created a searchable database they named Archie. The tools used in building Archie created a framework for many of the search engines we use today.

2. Montréal has many culinary specialties, but the signature dish is usually considered to be poutine, which is deep fried potatoes covered in gravy and cheese curds. In 2018, Condé Nast Traveler called Montréal “the undisputed poutine capital of the world.” Though poutine is typically a snack or an appetizer, a new world record for the largest poutine was recently set on 3 August 2019 in Warwick, Québec, weighing in at 3,034 kilograms (about 6,689 pounds).

3. Montréal is a major center for video game development. Montréal’s home province of Québec houses a third of all studios in Canada, including gaming giants Ubisoft, Warner, Motive Studios (EA), Eidos, and Square Enix.  Quebec also has a vibrant visual effects and animation community. Local visual effects house Rodeo FX has won acclaim for its work on “Game of Thrones” and movies like “The Amazing Spiderman” and “Blade Runner 2049”.

4. “I feel at home when I’m in Montréal – in a way that I don’t feel anywhere else,” Canadian singer, songwriter, and poet Leonard Cohen said during an interview in 2006. Born in Quebec, Cohen started reading his poetry in Montréal bars. He is most famous for his soaring anthem “Hallelujah.”

5. The world’s first indoor ice hockey game was held on 3 March 1875 at the Victoria Skating Rink in downtown Montréal. The game between two squads of nine players ended early with a 2-1 score after recreational skaters became irritated that the game was going on for too long and stormed the rink.

6. The city is a global leader in artificial intelligence (AI) research. Google, Microsoft, and Facebook have invested in Montréal’s business and academic communities over the past few years, attracted by the city’s reputation for groundbreaking research in AI.

7. In the early 1980s, a group of street performers formed a troupe that would grow into one of the world’s largest theatre producers, Cirque du Soleil. The Montréal-based circus arts company says more than 180 million people in 450 cities over 60 countries have seen a Cirque du Soleil show.

8. Québec produces more than 70 percent of the world’s maple syrup. In fact, maple syrup is such an important asset to Canada’s economy that producers in Québec created a global strategic syrup reserve of the commodity in the event of a shortage.

9. The Queen Elizabeth Hotel in Montréal served as the setting for John Lennon and Yoko Ono’s famous bed-in for peace in 1969. “Give Peace a Chance” was recorded in the hotel room during the bed-in on 1 June 1969. Each bed-in, derived from a form of protest known as a sit-in, was meant to be a nonviolent war protest. The hotel celebrated the 50th anniversary of the event in May 2019.

10. Montréal is home to many architectural gems. The Notre Dame of Montréal Basilica, known for its magnificent interior, was built in 1672. Bonsecours Market, located on the oldest street in the city, is a two-story domed public market that has been in business for more than 100 years. A more modern structure, the Montréal Tower, has become an architectural icon since its construction as part of the 1976 Montréal Olympics.




Keyword Researcher

Welcome to ICANN66!


Bonjour! Welcome to ICANN’s 66th Public Meeting, which is being held in Montréal, Canada. ICANN’s last Public Meeting held in Canada, ICANN45 in Toronto, was back in 2012. Quite a lot has changed since then.

ICANN Public Meetings are a vital part of the multistakeholder process. Much of the work we do happens digitally, whether it’s over email, in a Zoom call, or through public comments. These meetings give us an opportunity to interact face-to-face and engage in an open, public discourse over some of the most pressing issues facing ICANN and the wider Internet governance ecosystem.

ICANN66 is our Annual General Meeting (AGM), the third and final public meeting of the calendar year. The longest of the three meetings, the AGM showcases ICANN’s work to a broader global audience. As with previous AGMs, we’ll host two Public Forums, as well as our open question-and-answer session with ICANN org’s Executive Team.

The full meeting schedule is available here. I encourage everyone, no matter how long you’ve been a part of the community, to attend at least one session that is outside of your comfort zone. We all have something valuable to contribute to every dialogue, regardless of the subject matter at hand.

The AGM is an important opportunity to introduce new stakeholders to the critical work the community conducts. The multistakeholder model’s strength lies in ensuring that all voices are heard. To accomplish this, we must ensure that new voices join and express their viewpoints. So, to the many veterans and long-term members, I encourage you to bring in new community members and help get them ready for the days ahead.

Preparing for an ICANN Public Meeting is always a daunting task. There’s no end to the number of issues and conversations that are actively occurring within the community. One of my top suggestions for those attending, either in-person or remotely, is to download the most recent ICANN CEO Report to the Board. These reports are an excellent overview of what each ICANN org department is actively working on and provides a great wealth of information on a range of issues. I also recommend reading ICANN Board Director Maarten Botterman’s preview of the Montréal Board Workshop.

As the ICANN community travels from the far corners of the world to convene at the Montréal Convention Center, it’s important to remember how far we’ve come as an institution, and the progress we’ve made together. In 2012, the New Generic Top-Level Domain (gTLD) Program was our focus. Today, we’re working to tackle Universal Acceptance (UA), New gTLD Subsequent Procedures, and the future of auction proceeds. As we arrive in Montréal to start our work, keep in mind the purpose of these meetings and the impact they’ve had on the constantly-evolving Internet governance ecosystem.

I have no doubt that this will be an incredibly productive week. As always, my team and I will be on the ground to support you, so please contact any one of us if there’s something we can do.

 Keyword Research Tool

Enhancing and Streamlining ICANN’s Reviews: Issues, Approaches, and Next Steps

As we prepare for a public session during ICANN66 in Montreal, on Monday 4 November 2019, I would like to share the ICANN Board's current thoughts regarding enhancing and streamlining ICANN's reviews.

To give more context, reviews are an important component of ICANN's multistakeholder model; they provide a vehicle for continuous improvement. ICANN's current approach to reviews – both organizational and specific – was developed over time, in a different environment than we find ourselves in today. Leading into the next five-year strategic planning cycle, the Board's priority is to work with the community to reimagine how this important means of accountability can be improved to serve ICANN in the future.

The Bylaws empower the Accountability and Transparency Review Team (ATRT) to "recommend to the Board the termination or amendment of other periodic reviews required by […] Section 4.6, and may recommend to the Board the creation of additional periodic reviews." During its recent face-to-face meeting in Singapore, ATRT3 continued to discuss possible improvements to the review process. The Board welcomes and supports this important work, and we will coordinate with the review team to ensure that the broader streamlining efforts the Board is undertaking will complement ATRT3 recommended improvements once those recommendations are made.

Now that the second round of organizational reviews is complete, two specific reviews are due to be completed in 2020, and the ATRT3 is on course to submit its draft report for public comment in December 2019, the Board believes this is the time to consider how the overall review cycle and process can be enhanced and streamlined. The Board has identified two strands of work for this important discussion, and we would like to share with you how the Board envisions moving these two strands forward.

Strand 1 - Enhancing the Reviews: A Proposal for Community Discussions

The Board believes that it is important to focus on enhancing the reviews before we can effectively streamline the process. Specifically, the focus should be on the resourcing and prioritization of community recommendations.

The reviews currently underway can serve as a real-time testbed, and will benefit from agreed-upon principles designed to enhance the development of substantive review recommendations. These agreed-upon principles and approaches may positively impact the concluding phases of ATRT3 and the second review of the Security, Stability, and Resiliency (SSR2), and the processing and implementation of recommendations of the Competition, Consumer Trust, and Consumer Choice Review (CCT) and the Registration Directory Service Review (RDS).

In June 2019, the Board began a conversation with the leadership of all specific review teams to share its thoughts on the need to enhance the effectiveness of review recommendations and their implementation. This conversation led to a draft proposal, which the Board has shared with the leadership. With their input, along with feedback provided by the community during the Montreal meeting (see below), the Board plans to finalize and publish the proposal after ICANN66.

In the current draft, the Board proposes an effectiveness framework, including principles designed to enhance the effectiveness of review recommendations and their implementation. The framework also proposes:

  • Supporting review team efforts to understand resource requirements and implementation issues associated with recommendations as – not after – they are developed.
  • Securing community input on (a) resource requirements and implementation issues, (b) prioritization across community recommendations from various sources, including reviews and cross-community working groups, and (c) budgeting for implementation of approved recommendations prior to recommendation finalization.
  • Board consideration of review recommendations, including increased engagement with review team shepherds.
  • Community-wide prioritization and budgeting for recommendations.

The Board is discussing the possibility of testing these principles and process steps through ongoing interaction with the SSR2 and ATRT3 leadership. Subject to feedback from the review teams, along with community input throughout ICANN66 and beyond, the Board would like to reach consensus on improvements during or soon after ICANN67 so that the work of ATRT3 and SSR2 might benefit from the outcome.

Strand 2 - Streamlining of Reviews

The Board believes that streamlining entails improving both the timing and the cadence of the reviews.

The next round of reviews will start in 2021. Under the Bylaws, the third GNSO review is due to start in June 2021 and, while the second Security, Stability, and Resiliency (SSR2) Review is still underway, SSR3 is scheduled to start in March 2022.

The timing and cadence of reviews is anchored in the Bylaws: organizational reviews occur five years after the Board's reception of the Final Report of the previous review, and specific reviews occur five years after the previous review team was convened. The duration of ATRT is limited to twelve months, but no other specific review has a time limit. Similarly, the Bylaws do not stipulate a time limit for organizational reviews. However, the work of independent examiners conducting organizational reviews is generally limited to twelve months or less.1

The current SSR2 review process offers an example of the difficulty that the current timing presents. SSR2 anticipates completing its work in June 2020. The Bylaws currently state that regardless of when SSR2 concludes, SSR3 must start in March 2022. This timing does not allow for a sufficient period for implementation of recommendations before the next cycle. One of the goals in streamlining the process is to find a consensus position on review timing and cadence that allows adequate time to conduct reviews; implement the recommendations; assess the effect of the implementation; and plan for the next review cycle, while also minimizing the number of reviews conducted concurrently. This work will be informed by any applicable findings and recommendations of ATRT3.

However, timing is not our only concern about ICANN's organizational and specific reviews. Finding a better way to schedule future review cycles will certainly address numerous community concerns. At the same time, enhanced processes for developing, considering, and implementing recommendations can also affect review timing. The Board notes that other areas needing improvement are linked to broader themes of roles and responsibilities of the review teams, the ICANN community, Board, and org. Tackling these areas after the timing issue has been resolved will facilitate productive engagement with the community and benefit the process of other related work, such as enhancement of recommendations and the effectiveness of the multistakeholder model.

In terms of broader review enhancements, the Board believes it would be productive to focus on several key areas, such as diversity and skill of review teams and independent examiners; lines of accountability; safeguards to transparency; prudent use of resources; and clarity on the roles and responsibilities of review teams/independent examiners, the community, the Board, and org.

Combining the Work on Organizational and Specific Reviews

It is logical to combine the work to enhance and streamline both organizational and specific reviews because both reviews will benefit from the same overarching, guiding principles. Accordingly, the outcome of the public comment on 'streamlining organizational reviews' will feed into the effort. Where the nature of organizational and specific reviews differs, process steps flowing from the principles will diverge when necessary.

Immediate Next Steps

The immediate next steps focus on Strand 1 for the resourcing and prioritization of review recommendations. The Board will conduct a public session during the ICANN66 meeting in Montreal, on Monday 4 November 2019. While there will be a discussion of the concrete ideas included in the draft proposal, the session also will foreshadow the wider discussion on enhancing and streamlining that has been outlined in this blog, as well as a timely update on the ATRT3's ongoing discussion. The Board believes that dividing the discussion into two strands is a practical way to proceed, and will seek community input on this reasoning during the session. As stated previously, the Board intends to coordinate with the ATRT3 to ensure that streamlining efforts are complementary and avoid conflicting solutions or duplication of effort.

We expect that the community discussion will take place via public consultations, webinars, and public comment proceedings. Please also look out for the ATRT3 draft report. As we said at the outset, this discussion will be predicated on the commitment from all parts of the multistakeholder model to work toward better outcomes. We look forward to a constructive discussion that will yield impactful and innovative solutions for future ICANN reviews.

The Board believes that the multistakeholder model will be strengthened with a commitment from all parts of ICANN to work toward more effective review outcomes that are based on collective agreement on clear principles. In fact, we expect that the work on the future of the multistakeholder model will have a symbiotic relationship with the effort to enhance and streamline reviews.

1 The GNSO2 review is the only exception, being conducted for 15 months.

Liquid Web WW

Discontinuing Support for ICANN-Rooms Hotel Networks

ICANN has decided to use the hotel's own Wi-Fi networks rather than creating ICANN's service set identifiers (SSIDs) at the hotel sites. The hotel manages and brands in-room Wi-Fi networks that appear as ICANN networks using a SSID; however, ICANN does not manage, own, or control these networks. Therefore, continuing to offer it as an ICANN-branded network is a misrepresentation. Please use the Wi-Fi options provided by your hotel for in-room connectivity at ICANN66 and at other meetings going forward.

To clarify, this change only affects hotel room networks. ICANN will continue to offer secure networks on-site at the meeting venue. Please let us know if you have any questions.

Keyword Researcher

Meeting Our Commitments to Accountability and Transparency: An Information Transparency Initiative Update

As you’re aware, ICANN has commitments to and requirements for accountability and transparency. Current and easy-to-find information in all six U.N. languages is a vital part of achieving those commitments. is one of the avenues where we demonstrate and meet those obligations. It is our publicly-facing system of record for policies and Bylaws.

We are continuing our efforts with the Information Transparency Initiative (ITI), which will help us meet some of those accountability and transparency commitments. Through our new technical foundation and information architecture, ICANN is establishing and enforcing content governance over our information. That important information will be made accessible, organized, and displayed for stakeholders through an enhanced This effort will lead to improved accountability and transparency.

ICANN Board Meeting Content Search Improvements

Today, we released the proposed new search experience for Board Meeting content for your input via our feedback site.

The improved searchability, which is core to ITI, includes these features:

  • Filters to narrow your search by document type (Resolutions, Minutes, Agenda), Board Committees (current and former), and Board Meeting type
  • Date range filter
  • Expandable and collapsible table structure
  • Jump-to links for upcoming Board Meeting information, Year, and Month/Year
  • Keyword(s) search within Board Meeting content with results available by relevance (number of instances of the keyword(s)) or newest (search results ordered by publish date)

Because this release is in active development, some files and sections may be missing. For example, Secretary's Notices, Board Information Call content, and Board Workshops content is not currently available. The sub-navigation menu does not link to the actual pages yet, as we'd like your feedback on whether the sub-navigation items meet your needs. All files and content currently on will be migrated and available when the new site is launched.

It would be very helpful if you could compare the current Board Meeting content findability with our new release and let us know what you think via the feedback site.

The feedback period will be open until 30 November 2019.

Upcoming Content and Features Available for Feedback

The ITI team is developing an improved Public Comment feature based on invaluable input from members of ICANN's Supporting Organizations and Advisory Committees. This new feature will be available for testing in late January 2020.

As a reminder, we're aiming for an April 2020 soft launch of the new site. For more information about the soft launch, please read our September 2019 ITI blog.

Remember, register your input! The feedback period will be open until 30 November 2019.

The First Message Transmission

NOTE: Fifty years ago, two things happened that changed the world. First a human being set foot on the moon, then three months later a simple message between two computers marked an important step in the development of the Internet. In this special guest blog, Dr. Leonard Kleinrock of UCLA, a legendary Internet pioneer, tells the behind the scenes story of what happened leading up to that special day in the development of one of the greatest communication tools humankind has ever developed.

Many realize that 50 years ago, on October 29, 1969, the first message was successfully sent over the ARPANET, which eventually evolved into the Internet. But few know the story that led up to that message.

On June 3, 1968, the ARPANET Program Plan was formally submitted to the U.S. Defense Department’s Advanced Research Project Agency (ARPA) by Larry Roberts. It was approved on June 21, 1968, and that meant the ARPANET process was now officially underway.

By the end of July 1968, a Request for Quotation (RFQ) for the network Interface Message Processors (IMPs) was mailed to 140 potential bidders.

The RFQ resulted in 12 proposals being submitted. As these proposals were being evaluated at ARPA, Roberts awarded a research contract to me at UCLA in October to create the Network Measurement Center (NMC).

The task of the NMC was to measure the behavior of the ARPANET by conducting experiments to determine its faults, performance, and outer limits through the use of stress tests.

I was fortunate to have a star team of graduate student researchers, developers, and staff for this project. A week before Christmas 1968, Bolt, Beranek and Newman (BBN) won the competitive bid and was awarded the contract to develop the IMP-to-IMP subnetwork.

The first four sites were selected due to their ability to provide specialized network services and/or support. They were:

  •  University of California Los Angeles (UCLA)
    • To provide the NMC under my supervision.
  • Stanford Research Institute (SRI)
    • To provide Doug Englebart’s Human Intellect Augmentation System.
  • University of California Santa Barbara
    • To provide interactive graphics.
  • University of Utah
    • To provide advanced 3D graphics.

Things began to move rapidly at this point. The date of the first IMP delivery, scheduled to arrive to us at UCLA in early September 1969, was fast approaching.

Meanwhile, at the NMC, we were busy collecting data so that we could predict performance of the network based on my earlier 1962 theory. For this, it was necessary to estimate the traffic loads that the host sites would present to the network.

Roberts and I contacted a number of the early sites and asked them how much traffic they expected to generate and to which other sites. We also asked them how much traffic they would allow into their sites. To my surprise, many refused to allow any traffic from the network to use their hosts. Their argument was that their hosts were already fully utilized serving their local customer base. Eventually they relented and provided their expected traffic loads. That traffic matrix was used in the July 1968 RFQ and in a paper I published in June 1969, thereby sealing their commitment.

On July 3, 1969, two months before the IMP was due to arrive, UCLA put out a press release announcing the imminent deployment of the ARPANET.

In the release I described what the network would look like, and what would be a typical application. I am quoted in the final paragraph as making several predictions, “As of now, computer networks are still in their infancy, but as they grow up and become more sophisticated, we will probably see the spread of ‘computer utilities,’ which, like present electric and telephone utilities, will service individual homes and offices across the country.”

I’m gratified to see that the future proved my predictions to be accurate:

  • The “computer utilities” comment accurately anticipated the emergence of web-based IP services.
  • My “electric and telephone utilities” comment correctly anticipated the ability to plug in anywhere to an always on and “invisible” network.
  • The “individual homes and offices” comment anticipated ubiquitous access.

Notably, what I did not foresee was the powerful social networking side of the Internet and its rapidly growing impact on our society.

The First Message

The ARPANET’s first host-to-host message was sent at 10:30 p.m. on October 29, 1969 when one of my programmers, Charley Kline, proceeded to “login” to the SRI host from the UCLA host.

The procedure was to type in “log,” and the system at SRI was clever enough to fill out the rest of the command, adding “in,” thus creating the word “login.”

Charley at our end and Bill Duvall at the SRI end each had a telephone headset so they could communicate by voice as the message was being transmitted. Note the irony that here we were using the telephone network to launch the new technology of packet switching which would destroy the telephone network!

At the UCLA end, Charley typed in the “l” and asked SRI “did you get the l?” “Got the l” came the voice reply. He typed in the “o,” “Did you get the o?” and received “Got the o.” UCLA then typed in the “g,” asked “Did you get the g?” at which point the system crashed! This was quite a beginning.

So, the very first message on the Internet was the prescient word “lo” (as in, “lo and behold!”). We hadn’t prepared a special message (as did, for example, Samuel Morse with “What Hath God Wrought”) but our “lo” could not have been a more succinct, a more powerful or a more prophetic message. Heck, we didn’t have a camera or even a voice recorder. The only record of this event is an entry in our IMP log recording.

The ARPANET and its successor, the Internet, had now been launched.

Leonard Kleinrock joined two other Internet pioneers – Vint Cerf and Steve Crocker – to chat with the staff of ICANN org on 15 October 2019. They discussed that first message sent over the ARPANET and the early days of the Internet. You can watch a video at

Keyword Researcher